Taviani Brothers (Vittorio, born 1929 and Paolo, born 1931 both in San Miniato-Pisa, Italy) are two Italian filmmakers who combines the social concerns and documentary effects of Neorealism with modernist concerns for outstanding, often poetic, visual and aural effects. Both graduatesat the University of Pisa. They gain experience for their filmmaking work by writing and staging plays with Valentino Orsini. Inspired by Roberto Rossellini's Neorealist film "Paisà" (1946), they begin to study and work in cinema. Their first efforts, often undertaken in collaboration with Orsini, are a series of documentaries on a variety of subjects.